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Flow Literature



Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience- Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Flow: The psychology of happiness- Mihali Csikszentmihalyi

Living in flow – The secret of happiness with Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi at Happiness & Its Causes 2014

Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement With Everyday Life – Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Flow in Sports. Susan A. Jackson, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

Nakamura, J., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2002). The concept of flow. Handbook of positive psychology, 89-105


Zapping the brain to get with the Flow – The Washington Post

Flow: The Secret of Happiness- TED- Czikszentmihalyi

You Need To Get Into Flow: Concentration At Its Best – Forbes Woman

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi: Professor and Keynote Speaker on Creativity, Innovation & Managing “Flow”

Jackson, S. A., & Marsh, H. W. (1996). Development and validation of a scale to measure optimal experience: The Flow State Scale. Journal of sport and exercise psychology, 18, 17-35

Tenenbaum, G., Fogarty, G. J., & Jackson, S. A. (1999). The flow experience: a Rasch analysis of Jackson’s Flow State Scale. Journal of Outcome Measurement, 3(3), 278-294.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Flow. In Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology (pp. 227-238). Springer Netherlands.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). The contribution of flow to positive psychology.The science of optimism and hope: Research essays in honor of Martin EP Seligman, 387-395.

Yong-ping, P. E. I. (2000). Opinions on the Involvement of Talented People in Colleges and Universities in Social Part-time Jobs and Converted Flow of Personnel. Journal of Chongqing Institute of Technology Management, 6, 034.

LI, W., YUAN, L., & GAO, S. (2013). Research of Dissipative Structure Theory in Real Estate Project Management. Journal of Chengdu University (Natural Science Edition), 1, 028.

Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Csikszentmihalyi, I. S. (1992). Optimal experience: Psychological studies of flow in consciousness. Cambridge university press.

Nakamura, J., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2009). Flow theory and research.Handbook of positive psychology, 195-206.

Schmidt, J. A., Shernoff, D. J., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Individual and situational factors related to the experience of flow in adolescence. Applications of Flow in Human Development and Education (pp. 379-405). Springer Netherlands

The Art of Flow video -The Genome Project

Zapping the brain to get with the Flow – The Washington Post

Is The Secret To Ultimate Human Performance The F-Word?– Steven Kotler- Forbes

Remaining in the Zone – Hamza Khan 99u

What Mel Brooks Can Teach Us about ÔÇ£Group FlowÔÇØ – Greater Good, Berkeley

The Flow State Triggers: How to learn anything, achieve greatness and become the best version of yourself– Ben Austin

Finding Flow. Psychology Today

The Zone. The Huffington Post

The Psychology of focus, performance and success- Red Bull




Flow in Sports: The Keys to Optimal Experiences and Performances – Susan Jackson and Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi

The Rise of Superman: Decoding the Science of Ultimate Human Performance – Steven Kotler

The Talent Code – Daniel Coyle

The Art of Flow video -The Genome Project

Khanin, I. L. (Ed.). (2000). Emotions in sport. Human Kinetics.



Russell, W. (2001). An examination of flow state occurrence in college athletes. Journal of Sport Behaviour, 24(1), 83-107.

Marsh, H. W., & Jackson, S. A. (1999). Flow experience in sport: Construct validation of multidimensional, hierarchical state and trait responses. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal, 6(4), 343-371.

Jackson, S. A., Thomas, P. R., Marsh, H. W., & Smethurst, C. J. (2001). Relationships between flow, self-concept, psychological skills, and performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 13(2), 129-153.

Nakamura, J., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2002). The concept of flow. Handbook of positive psychology, 89-105.

Jackson, S. A. (1996). Toward a conceptual understanding of the flow experience in elite athletes. Research quarterly for exercise and sport, 67(1), 76-90.

Hunter, J., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). The Phenomenology of BodyÔÇÉMind: The Contrasting Cases of Flow in Sports and Contemplation.Anthropology of Consciousness, 11(3ÔÇÉ4), 5-24.

Kimiecik, S. A. J. J. C. (1998). Psychological correlates of flow in sport. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 20, 358-378.

Jackson, S. A. (1995). Factors influencing the occurrence of flow state in elite athletes. Journal of applied sport psychology, 7(2), 138-166.

Stavrou, N. A., Jackson, S. A., Zervas, Y., & Karteroliotis, K. (2007). Flow experience and athletes’ performance with reference to the orthogonal model of flow. Sport Psychologist, 21(4), 438.

Hodge, K., Lonsdale, C., & Jackson, S. A. (2009). Athlete engagement in elite sport: An exploratory investigation of antecedents and consequences. Sport Psychologist, 23(2), 186.

Hunter, J., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). The Phenomenology of BodyÔÇÉMind: The Contrasting Cases of Flow in Sports and Contemplation. Anthropology of Consciousness, 11(3ÔÇÉ4), 5-24.

The Brain-Training Secrets Of Olympic Athletes. The Huffington Post



Jackson, S. A. (1992). Athletes in flow: A qualitative investigation of flow states in elite figure skaters. Journal of applied sport psychology, 4(2), 161-180.


Bone Games: Extreme Sports, Shamanism, Zen, and the Search for Transcendence – Rob Schultheis

Explorers of the Infinite: The Secret Spiritual Lives of Extreme Athletes and What They Reveal About Near-Death Experience, Psychic Communication and Touching the Beyond. – Maria Coffey



Golf Flow- Gio Valiante

My Story – Jack Nicklaus



The Inner Game of Tennis: The Classic Guide to the Mental Side of Peak Performance – W. Timothy Gallwey



West of Jesus: Surfing, Science and the Origins of Belief – Steven Kotler

The Fear Project: What Our Most Primal Emotion Taught Me About Survival, Success, Surfing and Love- Jaimal Yogis

An Interview With Laird Hamilton, Dave Kalama & Don King -On Their Incredible Feat, Done In The Name of a “Beautiful Son”– Bon Hawaii



Driven From Within – Michael Jordan


Stein, G. L., Kimiecik, J. C., Daniels, J., & Jackson, S. A. (1995). Psychological antecedents of flow in recreational sport. Personality and social psychology bulletin, 21(2), 125-135.



Pates, J., Karageorghis, C. I., Fryer, R., & Maynard, I. (2003). Effects of asynchronous music on flow states and shooting performance among netball players. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4(4), 415-427.


The Really Hard Problem: Meaning in a Material World – Owen Flanagan

The Real Buddhist – Facebook page

The Question of God– PBS



The Latest Yoga Buzz – Outside Online Magazine

The Science of Breathing – University of New Mexico


The Breakout Principle: How to activate the natural trigger that maximizes creativity, athletic performance, productivity, and personal well-being. – Herbert Benson

Satisfaction: The Science of Finding True fulfillment.- Gregory Berns

Incognito: The Secret Lives of the Brain – David Eagleman

Martijn Arns, Michiel Kleinnijenhuis, Kamran Fallahpour, & Rien Breteler. Golf Performance Enhancement and Real-Life Neurofeedback Training Using Personalized Event-Locked EEG Profiles, Journal of Neurotherapy: Investigations in Neuromodulation, Neurofeedback and Applied Neuroscience, Volume 11, Issue 4, 2008. pages 11-18

Sherlin, L. (December 2013). Training Super Human Brain Heroes – Psychophysiological Interventions to Enhance Performance. Featured Presenter at the 2013 USA Track & Field National Podium Education Project Coaching Symposium. Indianapolis, IN.

Arthur J. Marr, In the Zone: A biobehavioural A Biobehavioral Theory of the Flow Experience. The Online Journal of Sport Psychology. 2001

David J Vernon, Can Neurofeedback Training Enhance Performance? An Evaluation of the Evidence with Implications for Future Research, Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
December 2005, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 347-364

Incognito: The Secret Lives of the Brain – David Eagleman

Sherlin, L. H., Larson, N. C., & Sherlin, R. M. (2013). Developing a Performance Brain Training Approach for Baseball: A Process Analysis with Descriptive Data. Applied psychophysiology and biofeedback, 38(1), 29-44.

John Pates, Rachael Oliver & Ian Maynard. The Effects of Hypnosis on Flow States and Golf-Putting Performance. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology. Volume 13, Issue 4, 2001 . Pages 341-354.

Dr. Tracy Boynton, Applied Research Using Alpha/Theta Training for Enhancing Creativity and Well-Being, Journal of Neurotherapy: Investigations in Neuromodulation, Neurofeedback and Applied Neuroscience.Volume 5, Issue 1-2, 2001. pages 5-18.

Baumeister, J., Reinecke, K., Liesen, H., & Weiss, M. (2008). Cortical activity of skilled performance in a complex sports related motor task. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 104, 625 631

Hillman, C. H., Apparies, R. J., Janelle, C. M., & Hatfield, B. D. (2000). An electrocortical comparison of executed and rejected shots in skilled marksmen. Biological Psychology, 52, 71 83

Kim, J., Lee, H. M., Kim, W. J., Park, H. J., Kim, S. W., Moon, D. H.,et al. (2008). Neural correlates of pre-performance routines in expert and novice archers. Neuroscience Letters, 445, 236 241.

Deeny, S. P., Haufler, A. J., Saffer, M., & Hatfield, B. D. (2009). Electroencephalographic coherence during visuomotor performance: A comparison of cortico-cortical communication in
experts and novices. Journal of Motor Behavior, 41, 106 116.

Dietrich Lehmann, P.L Fabera, Peter Achermannb, Daniel Jeanmonodc, Lorena R.R Gianottia, Diego Pizzagallid. Brain sources of EEG gamma frequency during volitionally meditation-induced, altered states of consciousness, and experience of the self. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging. Volume 108, Issue 2, 30 November 2001, Pages 111 121.

Dietrich, A. (2004). Neurocognitive mechanisms underlying the experience of flow. Consciousness and Cognition, 13(4), 746-761.

Raja Parasuraman, R. Andy Mckinley. Using Noninvasive Brain Stimulation to Accelerate Learning and Enhance Human Performance. Human Factors The Journal of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. 07/2014; 56(5).

R. Douglas Fields, Myelination: An Overlooked Mechanism of Synaptic Plasticity? Neuroscientist December 2005 11: 528-531,

Acceleration of Procedural Learning with transcranial direct current stimulation – 84th Annual AsMA Meeting 13 May 2013

Armour, J. A. (2008). Potential clinical relevance of the little brain on the mammalian heart. Experimental Physiology, 93(2), 165-176.

How much information processing the brain? – Ciencia em Novo tempo





Gregory Berns, Satisfaction: The Science of Finding True Fulfillment (Henry Holt and Company, 2005), pp. 146-74



Herbert Benson & William Proctor The Breakout Principle: How to Activate the Natural Trigger That Maximizes Creativity, Athletic Performance, Productivity and Personal Well-Being (Scribner, 2003), pp. 46 48.



Henning Boecker, Till Sprenger, Mary E. Spilker, Gjermund Henriksen, Marcus Koppenhoefer, Klaus J. Wagner, Michael Valet, Achim Berthele, and Thomas R/ Tolle, ÔÇ£The runners high: Opioidergic Mechanisms in the Human BrainÔÇØ, Cerebral Cortex, 2008, 18(11), pp. 2523-31.



Arne Dietrich and W. McDaniel, ÔÇ£Engdocannabinoids and exercise,ÔÇØ British Journal of Sports Medicine October 2004, 38(5), pp. 536-41D. A. Raichlen, A.D. Foster, G.L. Gerdeman, A. Seillier, and A. Giuffrida, ÔÇ£Wired to Run: Exercise-Induced Endocannabinoid Signaliing in Humans and Cursorial Mamals with Implications for the Runner High, ÔÇØ Journal of Experimental Biology, 215, 2012, pp. 1331-36



Simon Young, ÔÇ£How to Increase Serotonin in the Human Brain Without Drugs,ÔÇØ Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 2007.
John Ratey and Eric Hagerman, Spark: The Revolutionary New Science of Exercise and the Brain (Little Brown, 2008)


Flow Music – Focus @ Will

de Manzano, û., Theorell, T., Harmat, L., & Ull ®n, F. (2010). The psychophysiology of flow during piano playing. Emotion, 10(3), 301.

Pates, J., Karageorghis, C. I., Fryer, R., & Maynard, I. (2003). Effects of asynchronous music on flow states and shooting performance among netball players. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 4(4), 415-427.

Bakker, A. B. (2005). Flow among music teachers and their students: The crossover of peak experiences. Journal of vocational behavior, 66(1), 26-44.

Custodero, L. A. (1998). Observing Flow in Young Children’s Music Learning. General Music Today, 12(1), 21-27.

What Mel Brooks Can Teach Us about ÔÇ£Group FlowÔÇØ – Greater Good, Berkeley


Amabile, T. M., Conti, R., Coon, H., Lazenby, J., & Herron, M. (1996). Assessing the work environment for creativity. Academy of management journal, 39(5), 1154-1184.

Kristensen, T. (2004). The physical context of creativity. Creativity and innovation management, 13(2), 89-96.

Hooker, C., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2003). Flow, creativity, and shared leadership. Shared leadership: Reframing the hows and whys of leadership, 217-34.

Jackson, S. A. (2000). Joy, fun, and flow state in sport. Emotions in sport, 135-155.

Collins, M. A., & Amabile, T. M. (1999). I5 motivation and creativity. Handbook of creativity, 297.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention. HarperPerennial, New York, 39.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1997). Happiness and creativity. The Futurist, 31(5), S8.

Sherry, J. L. (2004). Flow and media enjoyment. Communication Theory,14(4), 328-347.

Hooker, C., & Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2003). Flow, creativity, and shared leadership. Shared leadership: Reframing the hows and whys of leadership, 217-34.

What Mel Brooks Can Teach Us about ÔÇ£Group FlowÔÇØ – Greater Good, Berkeley

Flow states and creativity – Steven Kotler


Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014). Toward a psychology of optimal experience. In Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology (pp. 209-226). Springer Netherlands.


Headspace – Mindfulness

Diaz, F. M. (2013). Mindfulness, attention, and flow during music listening: An empirical investigation. Psychology of Music, 41(1), 42-58.

Wright, J. J., Sadlo, G., & Stew, G. (2006). Challenge-skills and mindfulness: An exploration of the conundrum of flow process. OTJR: Occupation, participation and health, 26(1), 25-32.

Meditation Positive Residual Effects – Harvard News


Creative kids learn to Flow. Psychology Today

Eight tips to fostering Flow in the Classroom. Berkley University

Individual and Situational Factors Related to the Experience of Flow in Adolescences– Jennifer A. Schmidt, David J. Shernoff, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi


Molecules Of Emotion – Candace Pert

Massimini, F., Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Fave, A. D. (1988). Flow and biocultural evolution. American Psychological Association. (pp. 60-81). New York, NY, US: Cambridge University Press, xiv, 416 pp.

Ericsson, K. A., Krampe, R. T., & Tesch-R Âmer, C. (1993). The role of deliberate practice in the acquisition of expert performance. Psychological review, 100(3), 363.

Kawabata, M., Mallett, C. J., & Jackson, S. A. (2008). The flow state scale-2 and dispositional flow scale-2: Examination of factorial validity and reliability for Japanese adults. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 9(4), 465-485.

Jackson, S. A., Martin, A. J., & Eklund, R. C. (2008). Long and short measures of flow: The construct validity of the FSS-2, DFS-2, and new brief counterparts. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30(5), 561.

Brain Zapping The Future of War- BBC

ÔÇ¿Jumper Cables for the Mind – The New York Times

Dogs see us move in Slow Motion -Daily Mail

Sein, M. K., Olfman, L., Bostrom, R. P., & Davis, S. A. (1993). Visualization ability as a predictor of user learning success. International Journal of Man-Machine Studies, 39(4), 599-620

What Are the Id, Ego, and Superego? – Very Well

Learning To Learn Faster (part 2), Steven Kotler – Forbes

New Study Yields Instructive Results on how mindset affects learning – Stanford News

Purposeful Drift: Making it up as we go along – Richard Oliver

Kohlberg’s Three Levels and Six Stages of Moral Reasoning–

What the bleep are they on about? – ABC Science

Difference between emotions and feelings – Authentic Systems

Energy Quotes – Goodreads

How Habits work – Charles Duhigg

Nonviolent Communication – Marshall Rosenberg

Situation, Behaviour, Impact Model

Functional Frivolity: Human Brain Evolution and Play- Aaron Blaisdell

Tim Ferris interviewing Josh Waitzkin – The Tim Ferries Show. iTunes Podcast

Tim Ferriss interviewing Jason Silva – The Tim Ferries Show. iTunes Podcast

Abuhamdeh,S., & Engeser, S. (2012). A conceptual framework for the integration offlow theory and cognitive evaluation theory. In S. Engeser (Ed.), Advancesin flow research (pp. 109-121). Springer, New York.

Abuhamdeh, S. (2020). Investigating the “flow”experience: Key conceptual and operational issues. Frontiers inPsychology, 11(1), 158.

Abuhamdeh, S. (2021). Onthe Relationship Between Flow and Enjoyment. In S. Engeser & C.Peifer (Eds.), Advancesin Flow Research(pp. 155-169). Springer, Cham.

Andersen,F. Ø. (2016). Using ESM to study flow in a STEM project. In L. Harmat, F. Ø. Andersen, F. Ullén, J. Wright, & G. Sadlo (Eds.), FlowExperience (pp. 145-161). Springer, Cham.

Anderson,R. (2007). Thematic content analysis (TCA). Descriptive presentation of qualitativedata, 1-4.

Appleton, C. (2011). 'Critical Friends', Feminism andIntegrity: A reflection on the use of critical friends as a research tool tosupport researcher integrity and reflexivity in qualitative research studies. Womenin Welfare Education, 10(1), 1-13.

Araújo,M. V., & Hein, C. F. (2016). Finding flow in music practice: An exploratorystudy about self-regulated practice behaviours and dispositions to flow inhighly skilled musicians. In L. Harmat, F.Ø. Andersen, F. Ullén, J. Wright, & G. Sadlo (Eds.), Flowexperience (pp. 23-36). Springer, Cham.

Arksey,H., & O'Malley, L. (2005). Scoping studies: towards a methodologicalframework. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 8(1),19-32.

Auld,D. P. (2014). Flow and learning in computer-mediated learningenvironments: A meta-analytic review (Doctoral dissertation, FordhamUniversity).

Bakker, A. B. (2008). The work-related flow inventory:Construction and initial validation of the WOLF. Journal of VocationalBehavior, 72(3), 400-414.

Bakker, A., Golub, T. L., & Rijavec, M. (2017). Validationof the Study-Related Flow Inventory (WOLF-S)/Validacija Inventara zanesenosti ustudiranju (WOLF-S). Croatian Journal of Education-Hrvatski Casopis zaOdgoj i obrazovanje, 19(1), 147-173.

Bandura, A. (1986). The explanatory and predictivescope of self-efficacy theory. Journal of Social and ClinicalPsychology, 4(3), 359-373.

Bandura,A. (1997). Self-efficacy and health behaviour. In A. Baum, S. Newman, J.Weinman, R. West, & C. McManus (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of psychology,health and medicine, 160-162. Cambridge University Press.

Barrett, L. F., Mesquita, B., Ochsner, K. N., &Gross, J. J. (2007). The experience of emotion. Annu. Rev. Psychol., 58(1),373-403.

Barthelmäs, M., & Keller, J. (2021). Antecedents,Boundary Conditions and Consequences of Flow. In S. Engeser & C. Peifer(Eds.), Advances in Flow Research (pp. 71-107). Springer, Cham.

Bassi,M., & delle Fave, A. 2012). Optimal experience among teachers: New insightsinto the work paradox. The Journal of Psychology, 146(5),533-557.

Baumann, N. (2012). Autotelic personality. In S.Engeser (Ed.), Advances in flow research (pp. 165-186). SpringerNew York.

Beard,K. S. (2015). Theoretically speaking: an interview with Mihaly Csikszentmihalyion flow theory development and its usefulness in addressing contemporarychallenges in education. Educational Psychology Review, 27(2),353-364.

Beard,K. S., & Hoy, W. K. (2010). The nature, meaning, and measure of teacherflow in elementary schools: A test of rival hypotheses. EducationalAdministration Quarterly, 46(3), 426-458.

Bian,Y., Yang, C., Gao, F., Li, H., Zhou, S., Li, H., ... & Meng, X. (2016). Aframework for physiological indicators of flow in VR games: construction andpreliminary evaluation. Personal and Ubiquitous Computing, 20(5),821-832.

Boffi,M., Riva, E., Rainisio, N., & Inghilleri, P. (2016). Social psychology offlow: a situated framework for optimal experience. In L. Harmat, F. Ø. Andersen, F. Ullén, J. Wright, & G. Sadlo (Eds.), Flowexperience (pp. 215-231). Springer, Cham.

Boyd,J. M., Schary, D. P., Worthington, A. R., & Jenny, S. E. (2018). AnExamination of the Differences in Flow between Individual and TeamAthletes. Physical Culture and Sport. Studies and Research, 78(1),33-40.

Bricteux,C., Navarro, J., Ceja, L., & Fuerst, G. (2017). Interest as a moderator inthe relationship between challenge/skills balance and flow at work: An analysisat within-individual level. Journal of Happiness Studies, 18(3),861-880.

Brooker,K., Van Dooren, K., McPherson, L., Lennox, N., & Ware, R. (2015).Systematic review of interventions aiming to improve involvement in physicalactivity among adults with intellectual disability. Journal of PhysicalActivity and Health, 12(3), 434-444.

Campbell, D. T., & Stanley, J. C. (1963). Experimentaland quasi-experimental designs for research. Houghton Mifflin, Boston.

Chan, D. (1998). Functional relations among constructsin the same content domain at different levels of analysis: A typology ofcomposition models. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83(2), 234.

Chavez,E. J. (2008). Flow in sport: A study of college athletes. Imagination,Cognition and Personality, 28(1), 69-91.

Chen,H. (2006). Flow on the net–detecting Web users’ positive affects and their flowstates. Computers in Human Behavior, 22(2), 221-233.

Chen,L. X., & Sun, C. T. (2016). Self-regulation influence on game play flowstate. Computers in Human Behavior, 54(1), 341-350.

Cheng,W. K. R. (2014). Relationship between visual attention and flowexperience in a serious educational game: An eye tracking analysis (Doctoraldissertation, George Mason University).

Cheron, G. (2016). How to measure the psychological“flow”? a neuroscience perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, (1), 1823.

Chilton,G. (2013). Art therapy and flow: A review of the literature andapplications. Art Therapy, 30(2), 64-70.

Chirico,A., Serino, S., Cipresso, P., Gaggioli, A., & Riva, G. (2015). When music“flows”. State and trait in musical performance, composition and listening: asystematic review. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(1),  906.

Colquhoun,H. L., Levac, D., O'Brien, K. K., Straus, S., Tricco, A. C., Perrier, L., ...& Moher, D. (2014). Scoping reviews: time for clarity in definition,methods, and reporting. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 67(12),1291-1294.

Colzato,L. S., Wolters, G., & Peifer, C. (2018). Transcutaneous vagus nervestimulation (tVNS) modulates flow experience. Experimental brain research,236(1), 253-257.

Corbatto,D. B. (2018). Trust as a Precursor of Flow: A Social Cognitive View ofFlow in Elite Coach/Athlete Dyads (Doctoral dissertation, George MasonUniversity), 10792355.

Cseh,G. M. (2016). Flow in creativity: a review of potential theoretical conflict. In L. Harmat, F. Ø. Andersen, F. Ullén, J. Wright,& G. Sadlo (Eds.), Flow Experience (pp. 79-94).Springer, Cham.

Csikszentmihalyi,M. (1975). Beyond boredom and anxiety. Jossey-Bass.

Csikszentmihalyi,M. (1990). Flow: The psychology of optimal experience. Harper & Row.

Csikszentmihalyi,M. (2014a). Flow and the Foundations of Positive Psychology: The CollectedWorks of Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi. Springer, Dordrecht.

Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2014b). Toward a psychology ofoptimal experience. In M. Csikszentmihalyi, & R. Larson (Eds.), Flowand the foundations of positive psychology (pp. 209-226). Springer,Dordrecht.

Csikszentmihalyi,M. (2014c). Applications of flow in human development and education.Springer, Dordrecht.

Csikszentmihalyi,M., Montijo, M. N., & Mouton, A. R. (2018). Flow theory: Optimizing eliteperformance in the creative realm. In S. I. Pfeiffer, E. Shaunessy-Dedrick,& M. Foley-Nicpon (Eds.), APA handbooks in psychology®. APAhandbook of giftedness and talent (p. 215–229). American PsychologicalAssociation.

Culbertson,S. S., Fullagar, C. J., Simmons, M. J., & Zhu, M. (2015). Contagious flow:Antecedents and consequences of optimal experience in the classroom. Journalof Management Education, 39(3), 319-349.

DeManzano, Ö., Cervenka, S., Jucaite, A., Hellenäs, O., Farde, L., & Ullén,F. (2013). Individual differences in the proneness to have flow experiences arelinked to dopamine D2-receptor availability in the dorsal striatum. Neuroimage, 67(1),1-6.

DeSampaio Barros, M. F., Araújo-Moreira, F. M., Trevelin, L. C., & Radel, R.(2018). Flow experience and the mobilization of attentional resources. Cognitive,Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 18(4), 810-823.

Dietrich, A. (2004). The cognitive neuroscience ofcreativity. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 11(6),1011-1026.

Drengner,J., Jahn, S., & Furchheim, P. (2018). Flow revisited: processconceptualization and a novel application to service contexts. Journalof Service Management, 29(4).

Ellis,G. D., Freeman, P. A., Jiang, J., & Lacanienta, A. (2019). Measurement ofdeep structured experiences as a binary phenomenon. Annals of LeisureResearch, 22(1), 119-126.

Engeser, S. E.(2012a). Advances in flow research. Springer Science+ BusinessMedia.

Engeser, S. (2012b).Theoretical integration and future lines of flow research. In S. Engeser (Ed.),Advances in Flow Research (pp. 187-199). Springer, New York.

Engeser, S., & Rheinberg, F. (2008). Flow Performance and Moderatorsof Challenge-Skill Balance. Motivation& Emotion, 32, 158-172.

Engeser,S., & Schiepe-Tiska, A. (2012). Historical Lines and an Overview of CurrentResearch on Flow. In S. Engeser (Ed.), Advances in Flow Research (pp.1-22). Springer, New York.

Esterman,M., Noonan, S. K., Rosenberg, M., & DeGutis, J. (2013). In the zone orzoning out? Tracking behavioral and neural fluctuations during sustainedattention. Cerebral Cortex, 23(11), 2712-2723.

Fang,X., Zhang, J., & Chan, S. S. (2013). Development of an instrument forstudying flow in computer game play. International Journal ofHuman-Computer Interaction, 29(7), 456-470.

Flett, M. R. (2015). Is Flow Related to PositiveFeelings or Optimal Performance? Path Analysis of Challenge-Skill Balance andFeelings. Sport Science Review, 24(1-2), 5-26.

Fong,C. J., Zaleski, D. J., & Leach, J. K. (2015). The challenge–skill balanceand antecedents of flow: A meta-analytic investigation. The Journal ofPositive Psychology, 10(5), 425-446.

Freire,T., Tavares, D., Silva, E., & Teixeira, A. (2016). Flow, leisure, andpositive youth development. In L. Harmat, F. Ø. Andersen, F. Ullén, J.Wright, & G. Sadlo (Eds.), Flow Experience (pp. 163-178).Springer, Cham.

Fu,F. L., Su, R. C., & Yu, S. C. (2009). EGameFlow: A scale to measurelearners’ enjoyment of e-learning games. Computers & Education, 52(1),101-112.

Fullagar,C., & Kelloway, E. K. (2012). Work-related flow. In A day in thelife of a happy worker (pp. 49-65). Psychology Press.

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